MLA uses the author’s last name and a page reference parenthetically placed in the text rather than footnotes or endnotes. Unlike APA, which is used in subject areas where the timeliness of the information is often critical, disciplines which use MLA can often cite works which are not current. Sources listed at the end of the text are in a section called Works Cited.
Kidner, John. The Kidner Report: a Satirical Look at Bureaucracy at the
Paper Clip and Stapler Level. Washington, D.C.: Acropolis Books, 1971.
Heydt-Stevenson, Jill. “Slipping into the Ha-Ha”: Bawdy Humor and Body
Politics in Jane Austen’s Novels.” Nineteenth Century Literature 55 (3)
(2000): 309-340. (Journal Article)
(Remember standards are still evolving)
Author / Editor. Title of Homepage. Publication date, Publisher. Medium. Date of access.
Avery, Susan and Jennifer Masciadrelli. Peep Research: A study of small fluffy
creatures and library usage. April 2003. Office of Fluffy Research, Staley Library, Millikin University. June 2003. Web. 21 Nov. 2009.
For more information:
Check these sites for additional examples on how to use MLA:
A citation identifies for the reader the source of the origin for an idea, information, or image that is referred to in a work. A basic citation includes the author, title and publication information for the source. Other elements are added to help the reader find the original work.
Example Book Citation
Barreca, Regina. They Used to Call Me Snow White…But I Drifted: Women's Strategic Use of Humor. New York: Viking, 1991.
Example Article Citation
Kuska, B. “A Tale of Too Witty? Using Whimsy to Name Fringe Genes."
Journal of the National Cancer Institute 1998 Oct; 89 (19): 1396-7
For more on when to cite:
Different fields have different conventions for citing sources. Always check with your instructor to see what citation format is appropriate for your course. The most common citation formats are: APA (American Psychological Association), MLA (Modern Language Association) and the Chicago Manual of Style or Turabian. Some of the other formatting conventions are listed after the brief descriptions for these three styles. Whichever style you choose, be sure to be consistent and include all of the information you need to document your source.