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INST/PLSC 3650: East Asian Security (Enyu Zhang)

This guide supports INST/PLSC 365 (Professor Enyu Zhang) for Fall Quarter 2013. This course examines key sources and forces that shape and change the complex dynamics of conflict and cooperation in contemporary East Asia.

APSA Style


This brief guide provides examples of how to cite some of the most commonly used types of information resources: periodicals, books, and electronic publications.

The APSA Style Manual for Political Science, revised August 2006, is published by the American Political Science Association as a guide for political scientists and other authors who wish to write and submit an article for publication in one of the APSA’s journals. It follows the Chicago Manual of Style and contains detailed instructions and examples for manuscript preparation, including reference lists.

IN TEXT (parenthetical citations)

• Follow author-date citation method (i.e., author's last name and publication year).

Taylor (2000) analyzed polling data ..

In a recent study of polling data (Taylor 2000)  ...

In 2000, Taylor evaluated polling data  ...

Several studies (Taylor 2000; Juarez 2002; Peters & Lester 2004) show that  ...

According to Taylor (2000, 24), “as society continues to undergo...”


     List all references cited in the text, alphabetically by author’s last name.

     Note that personal communications (i.e., letters, memos, telephone conversations, interviews, E-mail, discussion groups, etc.) are cited in text or in notes only.

     Use authors’ last names, first names (and middle initials, if available); for books, use “et al” to credit fourth through last authors.

     Cite electronic journals, web sites and other electronic publications.


One Author

 Gates, Robert M. 1997. From the shadows: the Ultimate Insider's Story of Five

        Presidents and How They Won the Cold War. New York: Touchstone.


Two Authors

Mitchell, T. R., & John Larson. 1987. People in organizations: An introduction to

     organizational behavior 3rd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill.


Edited Collection

Manley, William A. & Sigrid Roteutscher. 2007. Social Capital and Associations in

     European Democracies: A Comparative Analysis. New York: Routledge.  


Article or Chapter in an Edited Book

Levine, Charles H. 1990. “Human Resource Erosion and the Uncertain Future of the

     U.S. Civil Service.” Frederick S. Lane, ed. Current Issues in Public Administration

     (pp. 51–84). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association, 329-353.


Encyclopedia Article, with author

 Buenger, Walter L. and James Alex Baggett. 1996. “Constitutional Union Party.” The

     New Handbook of Texas. Vol. 2, p. 286-287. Austin: Texas State Historical



Multivolume Work

Eisenhower, Dwight D. 1970. The Papers of Dwight David Eisenhower. 21 vols. Eds.

     Alfred D. Chandler, Jr. and Stephen E. Ambrose. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press.



Munger, Frank J. 1955. “Two-Party Politics in the State of Indiana.” Ph.D. diss.

    Harvard University.



Government publication

U.S. Department of Commerce. Bureau of Census. 2006. Statistical Abstract of the

     United States. Washington, D.C.: Department of Commerce.



U.S. Congress. Senate. Committee on Foreign Relations. 1956. The Mutual Security Act.

     84th Cong., 2d sess., S. Rept. 2273.


Legal Case

Baker v. Carr. 1962. 369 U.S. 186. Law or Statute

Administrative Procedure Act. 1946. Statutes at Large. Vol. 60, sec. 10, p. 243.


U.S. Department of State. 1963. Nuclear Weapons Test Ban, 5 August. TIAS no. 5433.

    U.S. Treaties and Other International Agreements, vol. 14, pt. 3.


Technical Reports

Gottfredson. L.S. 1980. How Valid Are Occupational Reinforcer Pattern Scores?

    Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University. ERIC, ED 182 465.



Journal Article, One Author

Aldrich, John H. 1980. “Dynamic Model of Presidential Nomination Campaigns.”

     American Political Science Review 74 (September): 651-69.       


Magazine Article

Prufer, Olaf. 1964. “The Hopewell Cult.” Scientific American, December, 13-15.

Daily Newspaper Article, No Author

Sacramento Bee. 2004. “Eyes on Sudan: Victims of Racist Repression Need Help Now.”

    9 July.



Newspaper Article from the Web

Balz, Dan. 2007. ”Mixed Reviews for Clinton in Iowa.” Washington Post, January 29.

    (January 29, 2007).


Journal Article from a Database

Brzoska, Michael. 2003. “From Dumb to Smart? Recent Reforms of U.N. Sanctions.”

     Global Governance 9 (October-December): 519-535. Academic Search Premier

      (September 27, 2005).


Document from a Web Site

King. Gary, Michael Tomz, and Jason Wittenberg. 1998. “Making the Most of Statistical

     Analyses: Improving Interpretation and Presentation.” September 7. (October 22, 1988).


Document from a Web Site, without an author or date

Death Penalty Information Center. 2005. “Crimes Punishable by the Death Penalty.” (January 29,



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