Welcome to this guide for PUBM 5010, Fall 2016
The focus of this guide aligns with the Literature Review assignment which explores a public administration topic of interest.
Browsing reference materials is an excellent way to find background information.
When choosing a research topic, ask "What do I want to know?", "what do I already know" and "what are the various components or issues involved"
Have a topic.....
1. Identify terms & concepts. Clarify your topic by restating it as a research question.
2. Review related literature to help you focus on how to analyze your topic. As you search and learn about your topic, create a list of synonyms. To find synonyms or descriptors you can: 1) use a thesaurus; 2) look at descriptors or subject terms on a citation/abstract in article databases; 3) use the database's thesaurus or suggestions for terms; 4) ask a librarian.
3. Use background material, introductory chapters in books, articles, etc. Repeat this part of the research process until you satisfactorily hone in on your topic.
4. Find sources which add to your knowledge and extend your argument.
1. Know your audience. Your audience or required format will determine type and number of sources.
2. Identify the primary "actors" or stakeholders to help you determine likely sources of information: government documents, newspapers, credible websites, scholarly articles.
3. Use terms and concepts for your topic to build a search strategy.
Use databases and credible websites to support research. Substantiate your information by finding multiple sources. Find new information, discover new terms, and rethink your strategy. Remember research is a process.
4. Follow references in a publication. If you find a chapter in a textbook on your topic, often there will be valuable references that you can mine to find additional references. This snowball method of research is one way to find relevant sources. See Bibliographic Trace tab for more information.
We will use a collaborative Google Doc to record relevant articles you find in our session today
Keywords can be a word or phrase drawn from your sentence topic. You can expand your keywords by thinking of synonyms.
You may want to consider the plural of the words and how to format. If you format your search like this: work*- you will capture both the singular and plural of the words, as well as words from the roots: works, worker, working. This is called a truncation symbol and is used in most databases. In addition, if a term is used as a phrase and you want to capture each word of the phrase in a specific order, put the phrase in quotes: "working women" You can also use a wildcard and tell the search interface to replace the wildcard character with any other character or characters (or sometimes no characters). For example, wom*n searches for woman, women, etc.
Generally, when you do a keyword search in a library catalog or article database, the title, subject and abstract fields are searched. These fields are called the Basic Index.
Use Boolean Strategy: AND, OR NOT
Term 1 and term 2 ( and ) Retrieves only records with both terms
women and inheritance
Term 1 or term 2 ( or ) Maximizes results by retrieving either term
inheritance or property